Abstract art has always been an essential part in the creation of art, however, the term “Abstract Art” was born almost a century ago. During the last century, the French artist Cézanne reached a conclusion that every person sees the world in a different way and this is why, seeing is itself a creative process. With the introduction of this simple theory, Cézanne opened up a whole new approach and looked for the artists who were dependent on presenting such art works that would reveal the artist’s personal vision, the interpretation of the nature or ideas, that can actually be very different from the pre-established conventions. Having this vision in mind, most artists including Matisse, Gauguin, and Picasso looked at the art of various cultures to find new ways of expressing their ideas and displayed it later through their art work. Around same time, Picasso also surprised the world with his painting titled “Les Demoiselles d’ Avginon” that broke all the accepted rules and which was clearly inspired by the African masks.
Rise of ethnicity in the Abstract Art: The time of Postmodernism in history had a great influence on the concepts of race as well as ethnicity in the United States during the mid of twentieth century. A lot artists began to rethink on the term “race” considering it a social construct. The new belief about the explanation of the term ‘race’ meant that it has no inherent biological reality in itself, yet it is a classification system that has been constructed only to achieve societal purposes.
After the Second World War, the evolutionary and social scientists were aware that race had been used to justify situations of discrimination, slavery, apartheid and genocide. Therefore, the Civil Rights Movement in 1960s as well as in1970s allowed the artists to capture and express the recent times and changes. Using a global approach, the artists including Barbara Chase Riboud, Harvey Cropper, Edward Clark and Beauford Delaney worked on this form of art and exhibited their works abroad in the cities of Copenhagen, Paris and Stockholm. Some of the African-American artists also got a chance to exhibit their work at the known New York galleries during the time of 1950s and 1960s , the artists Horace Pippin and also Romare Bearden were amongst the very few artists who had been successfully received in such gallery settings. A lot of art galleries in Dubai and community art centers were created in order to display the African-American art. Many collegiate teaching positions were introduced for the African-American artists. Thus the Post-black abstract art arose during this time as a new category of contemporary African-American art. This was a paradoxical genre of art in which race and racism were intertwined in such a way which rejects their apparent interaction. During 1980s and 1990s, most major cities had also developed museums which were particularly devoted to the African American artists. In fact, the National Endowment for the Arts also provided increasing support to these artists. All of such actions, greatly supported the rise of ethnicity in the world of abstract art Dubai.